Gout is a type of arthritis characterized by sudden and severe attacks of pain, swelling, redness, and tenderness in the joints, most commonly in the big toe.

It is caused by the buildup of uric acid crystals in the affected joint, leading to inflammation and intense pain. Gout is considered a form of crystal arthritis.

When uric acid levels become too high, uric acid crystals can form and deposit in the joints, leading to gout attacks.

The most recognizable symptom of gout is the sudden onset of intense joint pain, typically in the big toe, although it can affect other joints as well, such as the ankle, knee, or wrist.

Gout attacks often occur at night and can last for a few days to a few weeks.

Other symptoms may include swelling, redness, warmth, and limited joint mobility during an attack.

Triggers: Attacks can be triggered by various factors, including dietary choices (eating purine-rich foods, red meat & alcohol) obesity, genetics, certain medications, & underlying health conditions.

Treatment: Managing gout typically involves medications to relieve pain and inflammation during attacks and medications to lower uric acid levels in the long term 

Complications: If left untreated or poorly managed, gout can lead to chronic joint damage, tophi and an increased risk of kidney stones

Gout is a chronic condition that requires ongoing management to prevent and reduce symptoms. Individuals with gout can work with healthcare providers to develop a personalized treatment plan .

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