common goat diseases - a list
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Goat disease can be devastating for your small farm. So, in order to prevent the spread of disease, it is important that you know the list of most common diseases in goats beforehand. Here, check out common diseases in goats to keep your goats healthy!

Also Read: Buffalo Health: Most Common Diseases in Buffaloes With Symptoms & Treatment

Anthrax in Goat

Anthrax is typically transmitted through contaminated feed and water, which can survive in the soil for many years. The most common symptom of anthrax in grazing animals is sudden death, which is frequently accompanied by bloody discharges. 

Symptoms of Anthrax in Goat

  • Acute fever and death
  • Bloody discharge of a dark colour from natural orifices such as the nose, anus, and vagina

Anthrax Treatment in Goat

  • Vaccination in the affected area once a year
  • Casket disposal (either burying or burning)
  • Do not open the carcass because germs spread through the air.

Hemorrhagic Septicemia

Contact with infected oral or nasal secretions from either healthy carrier animals or animals with clinical disease, or ingestion of contaminated feed or water, causes infection. The tonsil and adjacent nasopharyngeal tissues are infected first. 

Hemorrhagic Septicemia Symptoms in Goats

  • Fever, dysentery, lower mandibular swelling, and death
  • More common during the rainy season

Hemorrhagic Septicemia Treatment in Goats

Vaccinate the animal once a year, before the rainy season begins.

Brucellosis 

Brucellosis is a bacterial infection caused by various Brucella species that primarily affect cattle, swine, goats, sheep, and dogs. Humans typically contract the disease through direct contact with infected animals, consumption of contaminated animal products, or inhalation of airborne agents. 

most common goat diseases

Symptoms of Brucellosis in Goats

  • Late-term abortion, infertility, male scrotal swelling, and joint swelling

Brucellosis Treatment in Goats

  • Disposal of the deceased foetus and placenta
  • Handle infected items with gloves because they are dangerous to humans.

Goat disease Enterotoxaemia

Enterotoxemia is a severe disease that affects sheep and goats of all ages. It is caused by two strains of the bacteria Clostridium perfringens, known as types C and D. These bacteria are normally found in low numbers in all sheep and goats’ gastrointestinal tracts. 

Enterotoxaemia Symptoms in Goats

  • Sudden death in growing children. 
  • During death, mucous diarrhoea is possible.

Treatment of Enterotoxaemia 

  • Vaccinate the animals once a year, before the monsoon season begins.
  • Don’t let your goat eat young grass.

Goat pox, One of the Most Common Diseases in Goats

Goat Pox is caused by infection with members of the Capripox genus in the Poxviridae family. These viruses are related to the virus that causes lumpy skin disease in cattle. Some strains of the virus only infect sheep or goats. 

common diseases in goats

Symptoms of Goat Pox

  • Fever, ocular and nasal mucous discharge, respiratory distress, 
  • pox lesion in non-hairy areas such as the lips, thigh udder, and so on.

Goat Pox Treatment 

Yearly vaccination

Tapeworm

Goats become infected after ingesting tapeworm larvae-containing mites. Once inside the animal, the larvae develop into adult tapeworms in six to seven weeks. 

goat diseases - common goat disease

Tapeworm Symptoms 

  • Growth retardation, 
  • fever, 
  •  child mortality

Tapeworm Treatment 

Animal deworming on a regular basis

Foot rot in Goats

Many small ruminant producers, such as sheep and goats, lose labor and income due to foot rot disease. Foot rot causes debilitating pain, discomfort, and lameness in sheep and goats, limiting their ability to graze or move to the feed bunk. These animals may perish as a result of starvation or become more susceptible to other diseases. 

Symptoms of Foot Rot in Goats

  • Wound in the foot

Foot Tot Treatment 

Keep the animal in a dry, clean environment. 

Fluke infection

Goats are extremely susceptible to fluke infections, with no evidence of acquired resistance to F. hepatica infections. 

Liver fluke is found in regions and areas on individual farms where watery environments, such as springs, slow-moving streams with marshy banks, irrigation channels, and seepages, allow fluke eggs to hatch into swimming larvae and provide a habitat for aquatic snails.

health problems in goats

Fluke Infection Symptoms in Goats

  • Emaciation, 
  • anemia,
  •  lower jaw edema

Treatment of Fluke Infection in Goats

Snail control, avoiding grazing in the early morning and late evening, and deworming animals on a regular basis 

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