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Skin diseases are any conditions that irritate, congest, or injure your skin. Skin cancer is included in this category. It’s possible to inherit a skin ailment or get a skin disease. There are various skin diseases that can cause rashes, dry skin, and itching. In most cases, you may manage these symptoms with medication, proper skincare, and lifestyle changes. (Also Read: Skin Disorder: Types Of Skin Disorders You Must Know – Part 1)

Here are the different types of skin disorder form:

1. Basal cell carcinoma

Basal cell cancer begins in basal cells, a type of skin cancer that generates new skin cells as old ones degenerate.

Although it can manifest in a variety of ways, basal cell carcinoma most commonly appears as a small, slightly translucent lump on the skin. Basal cell carcinoma most commonly develops on the skin on your head and neck that is exposed to the sun.

The majority of basal cell carcinomas are believed to be caused by long-term sun exposure. Using sunscreen and avoiding the sun’s rays may help prevent basal cell cancer. Source

Also Read: Basal cell carcinoma: Types, Causes, Risk Factors, and Treatment

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2. Squamous cell carcinoma

The second most prevalent type of skin cancer, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), is identified by aberrant, accelerated squamous cell proliferation. Squamous cells are flat, near-skin surface cells that continuously shed as new one’s form.

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) arises when DNA damage brought on by exposure to UV radiation or other damaging causes results in abnormal squamous cell changes.

SCCs can manifest as elevated growths with a central depression, scaly red patches, open sores, and rough, thickened, or wart-like skin. SCCs can also form in other areas of the body, including the genitalia. Everybody’s SCC symptoms appear differently. Source

Also Read: Squamous cell carcinoma: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, Risk Factors

3. Melanoma

Malignant melanoma is a type of skin cancer that starts in cells called melanocytes. Although less common than basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), this skin cancer is more dangerous because it can spread to other organs more quickly if not treated early. 

In most cases, melanoma can be cured if it is found and treated quickly. It becomes more difficult to treat and can be fatal once it has spread deeper into the skin or other parts of the body.

It can take the form of a flat or slightly raised, discolored, asymmetrical patch with uneven borders. Source

Also Read: Melanoma: Types, Causes, Risk Factors, and Treatment

4. Lupus

An ongoing autoimmune condition called lupus causes the immune system to assault healthy tissue. It can cause a variety of symptoms all over the body. It can be managed with medical treatment and home remedies.

SLE is the most common type of lupus, accounting for 70% of all cases. It can have an impact on a variety of organs and systems throughout the body. The symptoms can be mild to severe.

This pattern is caused by cycles of flare-ups and remissions. A person with lupus may have no symptoms during remission. The disease is active during a flare-up, and a person’s symptoms may return or new symptoms may appear. Source

Also Read: Lupus: Types, Causes, Risk Factors, Home Remedies and Treatment

skin disorders

5. Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is a rash that appears on your skin when you touch or react to a specific substance. It’s painful, itchy, and red, but it’s not dangerous.

The rash could be the result of an allergy or damage to your skin’s protective layer. It is also known as allergic contact dermatitis and irritant contact dermatitis.

Your immune system is involved if it is caused by an allergy. When you touch something, it incorrectly believes your body is under attack.

Photo contact dermatitis is a less common type of contact dermatitis. This is a rash that can appear after using certain products on your skin, such as sunscreen, and then spending time in the sun. Source

Also Read: Contact Dermatitis: Types, Causes, Risk Factors, and Treatment

6. Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a condition that causes the skin to lose its color (AAD). People of any origin can be affected by this skin condition. The contrast between normal skin tone and the white patches affected by vitiligo is more pronounced in people with darker skin. 

Vitiligo causes skin color loss in a wide range of body areas. It is frequently symmetrical, affecting both sides at the same time, such as both hands or both knees. Discoloration might appear around the mouth, on the scalp, or in the hair, eyelashes, or brows of some persons. Source

Also Read: Vitiligo: Types, Causes, Risk Factors, and Treatment

7. Wart

Warts are skin infections caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). The infection causes the skin to develop rough, skin-colored bumps. The virus is spreadable. Warts can be spread by touching someone with them. Warts are most commonly found on the hands, but they can also be found on the feet, face, genitals, and knees.

They develop when the patient contracts the human papillomavirus, or HPV, through a skin crack or cut.

Warts frequently disappear on their own after your immune system has defeated the virus. Because warts can spread, cause pain, and be unsightly, your doctor may advise you to get them treated. Source

Also Read: Warts: Types, Causes, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, and Treatment

8. Chickenpox

Chickenpox is a highly contagious illness caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). It can also result in additional symptoms including an itchy, blister-like rash. The chest, back, and face are where the rash first develops before spreading throughout the body.

Chickenpox can be fatal, especially in pregnant women, babies, adolescents, adults, and people with compromised immune systems (lowered ability to fight germs and sickness).

The best defense against chickenpox is vaccination. If they have never had chickenpox or have never been vaccinated, everyone, including children, adolescents, and adults, should receive two doses of the chickenpox vaccine. Source

Also Read: All About Chicken Pox: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factors, Home Remedy, Prevention

9. Seborrheic eczema

Seborrheic dermatitis is a common papulosquamous skin disease that primarily affects children and young adults, and it typically manifests differently in these two age groups. This activity will assist in identifying the various manifestations of seborrheic dermatitis and demonstrating how each may influence management decision-making, resulting in improved treatment outcomes.

An immune reaction to a microscopic fungus called Malassezia may cause seborrhoeic dermatitis.

Malassezia is normally present on healthy skin, particularly around oil glands, but some people develop an immune reaction to Malassezia for unknown reasons. It is neither contagious nor indicative of poor hygiene. Source

Also Read: Seborrheic Eczema: Types, Causes, Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Treatment

10. Keratosis pilaris

Keratosis pilaris is a common dry skin condition caused by an accumulation of keratin in the hair follicles. It usually begins in childhood but becomes more visible during adolescence and adulthood. It is not dangerous or infectious.

Children and teenagers are most frequently affected by keratosis pilaris. It is caused by abnormal keratinization of the upper portion of the hair follicle lining. Keratin fills the follicle rather than exfoliates it.

There is no cure for keratosis pilaris, but it usually goes away during adulthood. Any atrophy or scarring associated with hair loss could be permanent. Source

Also Read: Keratosis Pilaris: Types, Causes, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, and Treatment

11. Ringworm

Ringworm is a common fungus-induced skin infection. Ringworm is named after the fact that it can cause a circular (ring-shaped) rash that is typically red and itchy. Ringworms can affect anyone. This infection’s fungi can live on skin, surfaces, and household items such as clothing, towels, and bedding.

Ringworm is known by many different names. The medical terms for this condition are “tinea” or “dermatophytosis.” Ringworm is also known by other names depending on where it is found on the body; for example, the term “athlete’s foot” also refers to ringworm on the feet.

Also Read: All About Ringworm: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factors, Home Remedy, Prevention

12. Melasma

Melasma is a common pigmentation disorder that causes patches of skin to appear, most notably on the face. These patches are darker in color than the surrounding skin.

Melasma is most common in people with light brown to darker skin tones, especially in areas with a lot of sun exposure. Melasma is more common in women and can manifest as brown patches on the face, particularly the cheeks, nose bridge, and forehead.

It is also possible to get it on the neck and forearms. The skin discoloration causes no physical harm, but you may be self-conscious about how it appears. Source

Also Read: Melasma: Types, Causes, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, and Treatment