Bacterial Vaginosis
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Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a vaginal infection that takes place by a few ordinary bacteria that live in the vagina. When they overgrow, they cause a bacterial imbalance. Signs include an off-white or grey vaginal discharge that smells. In a few women, BV finishes without treatment, in others, antibiotics efficiently treat this contamination.


The vagina is home to multiple forms of bacteria. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) takes place when some vaginal bacteria grow more rapidly than others. An excessive amount of one form of bacteria ends in an imbalance. (Ref)

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Signs and Symptoms 

Up to 84% of human beings with bacterial vaginosis (BV) don’t have signs and symptoms.

Although, common signs include.

  • Off-white, grey, or greenish coloration vaginal discharge.
  • Discharge that smells.
  • Smelly discharge, which is most powerful after sex or at some stage in the menstrual cycle.
  • An itchy or sore vagina.

Risk Factors

Any woman can get bacterial vaginosis (BV), even if you haven’t had intercourse. But that’s unusual. It typically occurs in those who are sexually energetic. Risk Factors of BV include:

  • Pregnancy
  • Use of condoms or dental dams.
  • Having an intrauterine tool (IUD).
  • Having more than one sex partner.
  • Being in a homosexual relationship.
  • Douching 


Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most usual of peculiar discharges in women.1 out of 3 women will get it at some point in their lifetime. BV symptoms are distressing and embarrassing, although they are pretty easy to treat. Relationships can go through, by and large, misconceptions that it is typically a plague of vaginal infections.


Your doctor will prescribe antibiotics, typically 

  • Metronidazole 
  • Clindamycin

These medicines are available in a gel or cream to be inserted into the vagina. They also come in pills that you could take orally.


Due to the fact that bacterial vaginosis (BV) isn’t completely understood, there aren’t any authentic ways to prevent it. Steps that might prevent BV are:

  • Prevent douching. It disturbs the stability of microorganisms in your vagina instead of healthful vaginal and vulvar care.
  • Keep away from vaginal contact with anything that has touched your anus. Things such as toilet paper and intercourse toys may transfer microorganisms into your vagina.
  • Restrict having a variety of sex companions. Research shows you’re more likely to get BV when you have more than one intercourse companion.
  • Use latex condoms or dental dams. Although it’s unclear why research suggests that sexual activity is related to BV.
  • Put on cotton or cotton-lined undies. Microorganisms like to live in wet environments. Cotton helps to remove all moisture.

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