Complete Guide on Floaters
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What are Eye Floaters?

Eye floaters are shapes or dots that appear when you look at a clear sky, a blank piece of paper, or a white wall. It occurs when the vitreous, the gel-like fluid in the eyes, begins to decrease with age, resulting in the formation of small particles in the eyes. These particles can move around in your vision. You can notice them if they move in front of the retina macula. 

They can seem like dots, lines, cobwebs, or blobs in black or grey. Sometimes a large floater will cast a shadow over your view, leaving a massive black spot.  Because floaters are contained within the fluid of your eye, they will move as your eyes do. If you try to stare at them directly, they will dart out of your sight.

When you stare at a bright, simple surface, such as the sky, a reflective item, or blank paper, eye floaters are typical. They may be present in simply one eye or both.

Eye floaters are common among older people. They might appear in either one or both eyes. However, if you notice an increase in flashes and eye floaters, it could be an indication of retinal detachment, a serious eye disease. 

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Causes

Eye floaters can be caused by diseases or by changes in the vitreous substance as we age.

  • Age-related changes in the eyes
  • Collagen fibers within the vitreous produce threads and clusters during the changes.
  • Inflammation behind the eye’s retina
  • Bleeding eyes
  • Retinal tears can occur as a result of the vitreous contracting and tugging on the retina strongly enough to tear it.
  • Both eye surgeries and eye medications 
Complete Guide on Floaters

Symptoms

  • Small objects that appear in your eyesight as dark specks or knobby, transparent strings of floating material
  • Spots that move when your eyes move, so when you try to look at them, they swiftly move out of your range of sight.
  • Spots that stand out when viewed against a plain bright background, such as a blue sky or a white wall
  • Small forms or strings that gradually settle down and fade out of vision Source

Risk factors

  • Being older (usually over the age of 50).
  • Have a family history of retinal detachment and tears.
  • Being nearsighted (having difficulty seeing objects that are far away).
  • Having a history of uveitis.

Diagnosis

To figure out the reason for your eye floaters, your eye care specialist does a thorough examination of your eyes. Dilation of the eyes is usually essential for your evaluation. Using eye drops dilates, or widens, your eye’s black core. This allows your specialist to see more of the vitreous and the rear of your eyes.

Treatment

A vitrectomy is a surgical procedure for removing floaters. If you have a lot of floaters that are impacting your vision, your provider may recommend it. This technique removes the vitreous, which the eye eventually replaces with a comparable fluid. The following are the dangers of a vitrectomy:

  • Developing retinal detachment.
  • Developing retinal tears.
  • Failing to remove every floater from your vision.
  • Developing cataracts.

Diet

Prevention

  • Maintain a nutritious diet.
  • Reduce your use of tobacco and alcohol.
  • Stay hydrated
  • Use hyaluronic acid
  • Get sufficient sleep
  • Reduce your screen time
  • Invest in protective eyewear
  • Reduce stress and anxiety Source 

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