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What is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a disease that affects the female reproductive organs. It is most commonly caused by sexually transmitted bacteria entering your vagina to your uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries.

Also Read: What are the 10 Major Sexually Transmitted Diseases – STDs

Signs and Symptoms 

The symptoms and signs of pelvic inflammatory disease can be acute or chronic. Some girls do not experience any signs or symptoms.

The signs and symptoms and symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disorder are probably moderate and tough to recognize. 

Some moderate symptoms are:

  • Pain, starting from mild to severe on your lower abdomen and pelvis.
  • Unusual or heavy vaginal discharge that could have an obnoxious smell
  • Uncommon bleeding from the vagina, especially during sex or after intercourse
  • Pain at some point in the intercourse
  • Fever, often with chills
  • Painful, frequent, or tough urination


Although there are many kinds of bacteria involved in PID, the bacteria involved in Chlamydia and Gonorrhea are the most common. They are spread during unprotected sex.

There are many other causes too when bacteria can enter your body, they include

  • During menstruation
  • After childbirth
  • Abortion 
  • During the insertion of an intrauterine device (IUD)
  • Any medical procedure that involves inserting instruments into the uterus


If you experience:

  • Extreme pain in your lower abdomen
  • Nausea and vomiting, with a lack of ability to hold something down
  • Fever, with a temperature more than one zero one F (38. three C)
  • Foul vaginal discharge

If you have symptoms of PID that aren’t extreme, still consult your doctor as quickly as possible. 

They are usually treated with antibiotics to provide broad-spectrum coverage of the same disease-causing pathogens and bacteria. (Source)


To lessen your risk of pelvic inflammatory ailment:

  • Practice secure sex. 
  • Use condoms whenever you have got intercourse 
  • Limit your wide variety of companions 
  • Ask for your associate’s sexual history
  • Discuss with your health care company after contraception. 
  • Wide varieties of birth control do not protect in opposition to PID. 
  • Even if you take birth control capsules, use a condom every time you’ve got intercourse with a new companion to guard against STIs.
  • Get tested. If you’re prone to an STI, make an appointment with your hospital to check out. 
  • Appoint a regular screening timetable together with your clinic or hospital if wanted. 
  • Don’t douche. Douching upsets the stability of microorganisms in your vagina.


Untreated pelvic inflammatory sickness may cause scar tissue and pouches of inflamed fluid (abscesses) to expand within the reproductive tract. These can motivate everlasting damage to the reproductive organs.

Risk Factors 

Complications from this damage might include:

Ectopic pregnancy 

PID is the leading cause of ectopic pregnancy. It is caused when untreated PID has formed an infected tissue to expand within the fallopian tubes. This tissue prevents the fertilized egg from making its way via the fallopian tube to implant in the uterus. 

Ectopic pregnancies can motivate hefty, lifestyle-threatening bleeding and require emergency scientific attention.


They can damage your reproductive organs and may additionally cause infertility. The more times you’ve had PID, the greater your risk of infertility. 

Delaying remedies for PID will also dramatically increase your risk of infertility.

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